Written by Australian Dog Lover 16:18:00 - 0 Comments
The Cocker Spaniel origins can be traced back to 14th century Spain. Prior to the 1600's all types of spaniels were categorised together; the larger ones were used to spring game and the smaller ones to flush out woodcocks. Hence the names Springer and Cocker were derived.
The Cocker Spaniel’s major beauty is their soft wavy coat. Combined with their domed head, big brown eyes and soft floppy ears it is a breed of enormous visual appeal.
A small dog, they reach about 40cm (16″) at the shoulder and weigh about 13kg (29lb) when fully grown.
Cockers come in a multitude of different colours (over 30 colour combinations) including: solid colours of black, red, orange and brown, combinations of black with white, liver with white, red and white, blue roan, orange roans, black roans, particolours and tricolours.
For the full breed standard, please visit the ANKC website
Cocker Spaniels have a very sociable character and love nothing better than to be with their family which means they can be prone to separation anxiety and do not make good guard dogs.
Few are used today as gundogs. Cocker Spaniels enjoy work and mental stimulation, making an excellent pet for active families and they also excel as sniffer dogs.
TRAINING & EXERCISE
Cocker Spaniels are extremely trainable: intelligent and always eager to please, this combined with their attentive nature means they learn quickly and are generally very obedient. Cockers are used in field and agility trials, obedience competitions, as companions or seen in the showring.
Your Cocker Spaniel needs regular exercise – a daily walk or an energetic game – although a large backyard is unnecessary. They love to swim and any exercise involving water and exploring exciting off-lead areas will keep the average Cocker very content and happy. Cocker Spaniels, like all dogs, need to explore their world and they take great delight in new smells and experiences.
HEALTH & LIFESPAN
Cocker Spaniels can become gluttons if permitted and will put on weight very quickly. It’s easier to monitor their diet closely to prevent future issues with dog obesity (potentially leading to pancreatic cancer or pancreatis) or even diabetes.
Ask the breeder if the parents are DNA-tested. If the breeder says no or refuses to answer, find another breeder. One carrier parent is acceptable but if parents are untested, or one is tested a carrier and the other untested, find another breeder.
Be sure to ask the breeder also about the temperaments of their dogs and if there are any other health issues in the lines such as:
- Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)
- Familial Nephropathy (FN) or AHRN (Autosomal Hereditary Recessive Nephropathy)
- Hip Dysplasia
- Lip Fold Dermatitis aka "Cocker Mouth"
Eye conditions such as Cherry Eye and Entropion are also seen occasionally in Cockers. Always check the puppies for nice tight rims and clear eyes when assessing a litter. A health check at the vet in the days immediately after welcoming a new dog is always recommended.
Cocker Spaniels have an average lifespan of 12- 14 years.
Cocker Spaniels are adaptable dogs which can be kept inside or outside. They are excellent companions inside the house but do drop hair. Although not noted for being ‘diggers’, some may become accomplished escape artists while individual dogs are known to climb fences!
Although a small breed, the Cocker still needs daily exercise. Digging holes in the garden can be a sign of boredom. Ideally this breed needs to be allowed off the leash to run free, providing it is safe to do so. Such free exercise periods should be well supervised, with the dog kept within calling distance at all times.
Cocker Spaniels are a long-coated breed so regular grooming involving a brush and comb all over the body is needed at least once every two days. As the puppy coat comes down from about 7-8 months onwards, the coat will need stripping to remove the fluff, and a general tidying up.
Feet should be trimmed to remove excess hair, especially from beneath the paw pads, and the foot should be trimmed around to look tidy and give the impression of a cat's paw.
Ears should be checked for burrs, grass seeds or bad smells daily. They need to be free from hair and fur around the base of the ear to allow air to circulate and prevent ears getting moist and mucky which is how ear infections begin.
Cocker Spaniels require time and great care to bring their coat into full bloom. To achieve this, frequent brushing and bathing is needed or regular trips to the grooming parlour - A Cocker Spaniel requires a clip every 10-12 weeks. This applies not only when they are puppies, but also for the lifetime of your dog.
While the American Cocker looks very elegant when in full coat, many pet owners keep their dogs in "pet clip" – leaving the coat only about 5cm in length on the legs and stomach.
This significantly reduces the tendency of the coat to knot, and makes bathing, drying and grooming much easier.
Cocker Spaniels are excellent with families and older people. They are adaptable and robust enough to cope with school-aged children but may not tolerate toddlers or pre-schoolers.
Temperament: active, strong, playful
Lifespan: 12-14 years
Recommended for: families, older people
For more information on the Cocker Spaniel, please contact your local club:
The Cocker Spaniel Society of NSW
Cocker Spaniel Club of Victoria
Cocker Spaniel Club of QLD Inc.
The American Cocker Spaniel Club Inc.
If you'd like to adopt a Cocker Spaniel, please contact:
English Cocker Spaniels Australia Inc.
Cocker Spaniel Rescue QLD Inc.